Low-base effects from last year’s GST removal to drive up overall inflation in June

Published on 22 Jul 2019.

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RAM Ratings expects Malaysia’s overall inflation rate to accelerate to 1.6% in June (May: 0.2%), fuelled by the low-base effects arising from the removal of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) last year. The inflation rate had plunged to 0.8% in June 2018 after the removal of the GST, from 1.8% the preceding month. The accelerated inflation this June is expected to be underscored by a more broad-based set of drivers.

RAM has also revised its inflation projection for 2019 down to 1.0%, from the earlier 1.6%. Year to date, inflationary pressure has been weaker than expected, particularly from the food component and the reintroduction of the Sales and Service Tax last September. The delayed implementation of targeted fuel subsidies, which would have elevated consumer fuel prices to market levels in 2Q 2019, represents another key contributing factor to our downward revision. Based on our estimates, the fair market price will likely stay above the current price ceiling through the rest of this year.

That said, the eventual impact from the targeted fuel subsidy scheme remains nebulous, with no confirmation on either the commencement date (the ministry concerned has indicated a year-end target) or whether the existing price ceiling will be maintained. “Our sensitivity analysis indicates that for every one-month delay in the implementation of the scheme, headline inflation will change 0.05 percentage points from our base case. In the event the current price ceilings are retained when the targeted subsidies take effect, headline inflation will come in at a lower 0.8% this year,” notes RAM’s head of research, Kristina Fong. 


Analytical contact
Woon Khai Jhek, CFA
(603) 3385 2512

Media contact
Padthma Subbiah
(603) 3385 2577


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Publication Date Published Category
Economic Insight: June 2019 CPI 22-Jul-2019 Economic Insight View PDF