January 2020 inflation to rise amid higher transport fuel inflation

Published on 20 Feb 2020.

Share Tweet Email

RAM Ratings expects Malaysia’s overall inflation rate to rise to 1.8% in January 2020, from 1.0% the preceding month. The projected increase is underpinned by higher transport fuel inflation amid the low-base effects on retail fuel prices. The average price of RON95 petrol rose 4.9% y-o-y in January 2020, in contrast to the 5.5% contraction in December 2019.

While the duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic remain uncertain, it has already depressed world oil prices as China (the epicentre of the outbreak) is the second largest source of global demand. That said, our base-line assumption for Brent crude prices to average around USD55-USD60 per barrel this year still holds, albeit with a downside skew given the current dampened state of economic affairs.  However, if Brent crude were to hover around USD50/barrel through the whole of 2020, headline inflation could fall to 1.2%, from our current forecast of 1.7% in 2020. 

Given the significant risk that the COVID-19 pandemic could derail economic growth, we expect Bank Negara Malaysia to cut the Overnight Policy Rate (OPR) again in the next six months to 2.50% for the year. This would provide some respite and greatly assist businesses during this period of uncertainty and economic stress. In the same vein, the targeted fuel subsidies programme, which would have floated consumer fuel prices to market levels, may also be put on the backburner to sustain household spending. The downtrend of global oil prices provides some leeway for the delay without compromising fiscal spending.


Analytical contact
Woon Khai Jhek, CFA
(603) 3385 2512

Media contact
Padthma Subbiah
(603) 3385 2577


About RAM Rating Services Berhad (RAM Ratings)

Established in 1990, RAM Ratings is a leading credit rating agency registered under the Securities Commission’s Guidelines on Registration of Credit Rating Agencies, 2011. In addition to the provision of credit ratings for corporate bonds and sukuk and their issuers, RAM Ratings also provides research and publications on Islamic finance, fixed income and macro-economic and industry analysis as well as data analytics relating to credit risk, counterparty assessments and other related domains. 


ALL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. Although every reasonable care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and objectivity of the information contained in this Media Release, RAM Ratings makes no representation or warranty, whether express or implied, as to its accuracy, completeness and objectivity and accept no responsibility or liability relating to any losses or damages howsoever suffered by any person arising from any reliance on the views expressed or information in this Media Release. RAM Ratings assumes no obligation to update any information or statement contained herein, save for any information required to be disclosed by law.

Published by RAM Rating Services Berhad
© Copyright 2020 by RAM Rating Services Berhad
All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without prior permission.

Publication Date Published Category
Economic Insight: January 2020 CPI 20-Feb-2020 Economic Insight View PDF