RAM Ratings optimistic about highways’ sale, may signal end of sector-wide gridlock

Published on 06 Apr 2022.

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The announcement by the Prime Minister1 on Monday that the government has agreed to a proposal to restructure the toll concessions of four concessionaires with expressways in the Klang Valley, including Gamuda Berhad and Lingkaran Trans Kota Holding Berhad, offers hope of clearer skies ahead for the broader highway sector. 

This is a welcome development following a hard-hitting past few years which saw volatile traffic volumes due to mobility curbs amid the pandemic, sensitivity over toll rate hikes in a tough economic climate, and rising government compensation payments to concessionaires. Continued toll increase deferrals in a single year is reported to cost the government RM2.25 bil in compensation while its narrowing fiscal headroom makes the abolition of tolls implausible, considering the high compensation sums payable.

Accordingly, Amanat Lebuhraya Rakyat Berhad (ALR) in offering to acquire highways partly owned by Gamuda Berhad has, in our view, signals stronger intent by the government to seriously address the restructuring of toll rates across highways nationwide by end-2023, based on a parliamentary response by the Ministry of Works2. If successful, this restructuring model could serve as a blueprint for further renegotiations of other expressway concessions.

ALR’s proposed solution to the impasse in the sector – via the acquisition of four highways partly owned by Gamuda for RM5.48 bil – achieves different but complementary objectives: (1) It seeks to reduce the burden on the public from a cost inflation perspective (with no further toll rate hikes until the concessions expire), (2) provides some respite against the government’s ballooning annual compensation bill for non-revision of scheduled toll rates, and (3) takes into consideration interests of other stakeholders including lenders and shareholders.

On balance, the tenures of the four highway concessions are expected to be restructured and lengthened. According to its official website, ALR was established under the Companies Act 2016 to function solely as a holding company of highway concessions while its shareholders are not profit motivated. ALR’s role and responsibilities will entail a high degree of social accountability in keeping toll rates affordable in addition to settling its debts and returning the highway assets to the government in the shortest possible timeframe. Owing to its social impact and objectives, ALR’s offer, among other conditions, is contingent on the four concession companies and itself being tax-exempt entities. 

ALR’s offer to buy up the equity stakes in the four highway concessionaires is valid up to end-April 2022, following which a definite agreement will be inked, expected by end-July 2022. Necessary approvals of the buyout offer from shareholders, lenders and the authorities are still pending, as is the due diligence on the cumulative RM5.48 bil valuation of assets to be acquired. 

Given the significant role of infrastructure funding in the domestic capital market (having successfully funded up to RM103.6 billion in highway and highway-related transactions since the 1990s), it is important for any funding solution proposed by ALR to consider the preservation of investor confidence as key to the continued sustainability of financing/funding for this sector. At this point, details of the financing arrangement and mechanism to be adopted by ALR in funding the proposed highways’ acquisitions, nor the resolution of the Sukuk raised by the respective concessionaires, have yet to be made public.

Reference: https://www.pmo.gov.my/2022/04/kenyataan-media-berkaitan-penstrukturan-semula-empat-syarikat-konsesi-lebuh-raya-di-lembah-klang/
Reference: https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2022/03/02/no-toll-hikes-this-year-says-works-ministry

* including ports and airport


Source: RAM

The proposed sale of the highway concessions does not have an immediate rating impact on Gamuda’s (the Group) and its subsidiaries’ debt programmes. The disposals will reduce the Group’s business diversity as the concessions segment is a significant and relatively stable earnings contributor. The segment accounted for 27% of pre-tax earnings in FY July 2021 despite the ravages of the pandemic. Nonetheless, RM7.4 bil of construction contracts in Australia and Singapore recently awarded to Gamuda will, in our view, lessen the impact, boosting long-term earnings visibility and representing important breakthroughs into these markets. The highway disposals are expected to yield proceeds in excess of RM2 bil strengthening Gamuda’s balance sheet to a net cash position. As the proceeds could be channeled to new construction and property development projects and/or to reward shareholders via special dividends, the Group’s longer-term financial impact will hinge on the utilisation of the sale proceeds.

In the interim, RAM will maintain surveillance of the ratings of the relevant highway concessionaires and Gamuda’s issue ratings. We will reassess the ratings for credit impact when details of the proposed restructuring exercise become available. Meanwhile, we understand it is business as usual for the four highways until the implications of the buyout are addressed.

Table 1: RAM-rated financing obligations under Gamuda’s portfolio of highway concessions
Source: RAM Ratings and BNM FAST

Table 2: Issue ratings of Gamuda, Bandar Serai Development Sdn Bhd and Gamuda Land (T12) Sdn Bhd^
Source: RAM
1 With combined limit of RM5 bil
2 With combined limit of RM2 bil
^ Bandar Serai Development Sdn Bhd and Gamuda Land (T12) Sdn Bhd are wholly owned by Gamuda.
* The ratings reflect Gamuda’s irrevocable and unconditional guarantee on the facilities.


Analytical contact
Davinder Kaur Gill
(603) 3385 2525

Yip Chee Meng
(603) 3385 2516

Ben Inn
(603) 3385 2510

Media contact
Sakinah Arifin
(603) 3385 2505


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